Horseshoe Bend: Basic Statistics

Horseshoe Bend, AR is located in Izard county, and has a populace of 2109, and is part of the more metropolitan region. The median age is 49.4, with 10.6% of the community under 10 many years of age, 12.4% between 10-19 years old, 10.2% of inhabitants in their 20’s, 7.2% in their 30's, 9.9% in their 40’s, 9.6% in their 50’s, 16.8% in their 60’s, 14.4% in their 70’s, and 9% age 80 or older. 42.6% of citizens are male, 57.4% women. 52.5% of inhabitants are recorded as married married, with 15.8% divorced and 19.3% never wedded. The % of individuals confirmed as widowed is 12.3%.

The average family unit size in Horseshoe Bend, AR is 3.34 residential members, with 75.3% being the owner of their own homes. The average home valuation is $73989. For those people paying rent, they pay an average of $620 monthly. 27.4% of homes have 2 sources of income, and a median domestic income of $32255. Average individual income is $17256. 21.8% of town residents are living at or beneath the poverty line, and 28.2% are disabled. 14.3% of residents are former members associated with the US military.

Horseshoe Bend, AR-Chacoan Roads

Lets visit Chaco National Monument (North West New Mexico) from Horseshoe Bend, AR. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The rainwater was collected in wells, dammed in areas created within the Chaco Wash (an intermittently flowing creek), and ponds, to which the runoff was diverted through a series ditches. The canyon was once home to timber sources that were essential for roof construction and levels that are higher-story. However, these resources vanished around the Chacoan fluorescence due to drought or deforestation. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the north and south to reach coniferous forests to the west and cut the trees down. They then dried them and gone back to the canyon to lug them home. It was a difficult task considering that each tree required multiple-day travel and more than 200k trees were used through the construction of and renovations of three centuries worth of canyon houses and great kiva. Chaco Canyon's Preplanned Landscape. Although Chaco Canyon was home to a large amount of architecture, this area is only a part of the larger interconnected region that gave rise to the Chacoan civilisation. There were over 200 settlements outside the canyon with great mansions, great kivas, and also the same brick style while the ones found inside the canyon. These sites are typical in the San Juan Basin. Nonetheless, the area they covered was larger than England's. Chacoans created a network of roads to link these settlements with one another. They levelled and excavated the ground, and quite often added clay curbs or masonry supports. Many of these roads began in large buildings located within the canyon and extended outwards in beautiful straight sections. The road was paved with steep forms, such table, butte, and table, which are normal into the American Southwest. But, the Chacoans kept their lines and built ramps and stairs on the high cliffs. The lack of roads wider than needed for transportation by foot, and the high level of hardship caused by the road's width (many roads were more than 9 meters in length), meant that the roads were only used to symbolise or spiritually. They could also be used to allow pilgrims access to large houses and to lead them to many other events. Many structures that are large built along the view line, and nearby shrines have been added to allow for faster communication. These shrines permit the lighting of candles or sun from distant locations and other homes. Fajada butte, a large presence in Chaco Canyon is an example. To add construction to your Chacoan world, it has been a long-standing practice to align roads and buildings with the cardinal directions as well as the positions of the sun and moon at turning points like solstices and equinoxes. The wall that is front and the wall that divides the square of Pueblo Bonito's great house, are lined up into the north, east and west. Casa Rinconada is 19m wide and is located on the slope. It has two T-shaped doors that face the direction that is south-south as well as two outside doors that align with the East-West axis. The sun rises only on mornings, so it's not obvious if the framework existed in the Chacoan period.