Let's Explore Robesonia

Robesonia, Pennsylvania-The Supernova Panel

Lets visit Chaco Canyon in NM from Robesonia. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.  Rainwater was captured in wells and dammed areas formed in the arroyo (an creek that is intermittently running that shaped the canyon, Chaco Wash, as well as ponds to which runoff was diverted by a series of ditches. Timber sources, which were necessary for the construction of roofs and upper story levels, were formerly present in the canyon but vanished around the period of the Chacoan fluorescence owing to drought or deforestation. As an outcome, Chacoans went 80 kilometers on foot to coniferous woods to the south and west, cutting down trees, peeling them, and drying them for an extended period of time to minimize weight before returning and lugging them back to the canyon. This was no easy undertaking, given that hauling each tree would have required a multi-day travel by a group of people, and that more than 200,000 trees were utilized through the entire three hundreds of years of construction and renovation of the canyon's roughly dozen major great house and great kiva sites. Chaco Canyon's Pre-Planned Landscape Although Chaco Canyon had a high thickness of architecture on a scale never seen formerly when you look at the region, it ended up being merely a component that is small the heart of a wide interconnected area that created the Chacoan civilisation. Outside the canyon, there were more than 200 settlements with large mansions and great kivas that used the same characteristic brick style and design as those found in the canyon, but on a smaller scale. While these internet sites were most abundant in the San Juan Basin, they covered an area of the Colorado Plateau larger than England. Chacoans built an extensive system of roadways to connect these settlements to the canyon and to one another by excavating and leveling the ground that is underlying, in many cases, adding clay or masonry curbs for support. These roads frequently started at big buildings within and beyond the canyon, extending outward in remarkably parts that are straight.   The Chacoans preserved the straightness of the roadways despite the fact that they were traversed by the steep terrains typical to the American Southwest, i.e. mesas or buttes. Instead, Chacoans built ramps and escalators on the cliffs. The discomfort of many roads, which did not provide visible destinations, and therefore were often more extensive than needed to transport by foot (9 meters), meant the routes could be utilized for symbolic purposes or to lead pilgrims to other activities or rituals. Many large houses were placed within the sightlines of nearby shrines and mesa ceilings. This allowed for easier communication and signage to other homes and areas that are distant. Fajada Butte, a Chaco that is prominent Canyon is a highlight. It was common to structures that are align roads with the cardinal directions and positions of Sun, Moon and Moon during critical times such solstices and equinoxes. This added structure and interconnectedness created by the Chacoan universe. For example, the wall that is front Pueblo Bonito's big house is oriented north-south and east-west, with the area being just west of Chetro Ktl. Casa Rinconada is a 19-meter long kiva located in the canyon. It has two inner T doors that face each other on the north side and two doors that open on the west. These doors are aligned with rising sun.

The labor pool participation rate in Robesonia is 74.3%, with an unemployment rate of 3.2%. For anyone located in the work force, the average commute time is 30.4 minutes. 6.5% of Robesonia’s community have a masters degree, and 11.1% have a bachelors degree. Among those without a college degree, 27.7% attended at least some college, 45.9% have a high school diploma, and just 8.8% have an education significantly less than high school. 3.9% are not covered by medical health insurance.

The typical family unit size in Robesonia, PA is 2.83 residential members, with 69.1% being the owner of their particular dwellings. The average home appraisal is $154373. For those people leasing, they spend an average of $791 per month. 58% of families have dual sources of income, and an average household income of $60243. Median individual income is $36108. 6.6% of town residents survive at or below the poverty line, and 13.4% are considered disabled. 5.1% of residents of the town are former members for the US military.